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Тест: LSAT - Logical Reasoning

Описание теста:
The LSAT is composed of five multiple-choice sections and 1 essay section. This practice exam will only cover the multiple choice sections of the exam. Two of the five sections will be Logical Reasoning, one will be Analytical Reasoning, one will be Reading Comprehension. The last section is an experimental section. This section can be any of the previous four.
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Most of those who enjoy music play a musical instrument; therefore, if Maria enjoys music, she probably plays a musical instrument.

Which one of the following most closely parallels the reasoning in the statement above?

Mary:All Italians are great lovers.
Kathy:That is not so. I have met some Spaniards who were magnificent lovers.

Kathy's reply to Mary indicates that she has misunderstood Mary's remark to mean that

To paraphrase Oliver Wendell Holmes, taxes keep us civilized. Just look around you, at well-paved superhighways, air-conditioned schools, and modernized prisons, and you cannot help but agree with Holmes.

Which one of the following is the strongest criticism of the statement above?

Forty years ago, hardly anybody thought about going to court to sue somebody. A person could bump a pedestrian with his Chrysler Airflow and the victim would say something like, "No harm done," and walk away. Ipso facto. No filing of codicils, taking of depositions or polling the jury. Attorneys need not apply.

Which one of the following sentences most logically continues the above passage?

Forty years ago, hardly anybody thought about going to court to sue somebody. A person could bump a pedestrian with his Chrysler Airflow and the victim would say something like, "No harm done," and walk away. Ipso facto. No filing of codicils, taking of depositions or polling the jury. Attorneys need not apply.

Which one of the following details, if true, would most strengthen the above statement?

Tom is test driving a blue car. After driving for a short while he comes to the following conclusion: Since this car is blue, it must not accelerate quickly.

The foregoing conclusion can be properly drawn if it is also known that

In 1975, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the federal government has exclusive rights to any oil and gas resources on the Atlantic Outer Shelf beyond the three-mile limit.

Which one of the following must be true in order for this ruling to be logical?

By passing more and more regulations allegedly to protect the environment, the state is driving the manufacturing industry away. And when the employers leave, the workers will follow. The number of new no growth or environmental rules passed each year is increasing by leaps and bounds. Rich environmentalists who think they are sympathetic to workers have no real sympathy for the blue-collar employees are injured by their activities. One major manufacturer has been fined for failing to establish a car-pool plan. Another is accused of polluting the air with industrial emissions, although everyone knows that two thirds of the pollutants come from cars and trucks. No wonder the large manufacturers are moving to states with fewer restrictive laws. And as the manufacturers go, unemployment and the number of workers leaving the state will rise more rapidly than ever before.

The author's argument that strict environmental laws will eventually lead to loss of workers in the state will be most weakened if it can be shown that

By passing more and more regulations allegedly to protect the environment, the state is driving the manufacturing industry away. And when the employers leave, the workers will follow. The number of new no growth or environmental rules passed each year is increasing by leaps and bounds. Rich environmentalists who think they are sympathetic to workers have no real sympathy for the blue-collar employees are injured by their activities. One major manufacturer has been fined for failing to establish a car-pool plan. Another is accused of polluting the air with industrial emissions, although everyone knows that two thirds of the pollutants come from cars and trucks. No wonder the large manufacturers are moving to states with fewer restrictive laws. And as the manufacturers go, unemployment and the number of workers leaving the state will rise more rapidly than ever before.

Which one of the following is NOT an argument of this passage?

Unlike most graduates of American high schools, all graduates of high schools in Bermuda have completed four years of advanced mathematics.

Which one of the following, if true, would best explain the situation described above?

By refusing to ban smoking in restaurants, the city council has put the financial well-being of restaurant owners above the health of the citizens of this city. No doubt the council would support the restaurants if they decided to use asbestos tablecloths and to barbecue using radioactivity. These devices would be no more risky.

The author of this paragraph makes her case by arguing

There are no edible fish in the streams of this county because there are no pesticide controls.

Which one of the following assumptions must be made before the conclusion above can be reached?

How can I write any of the essays when there are so many essays to be written.

In terms of its logical structure, the remark above most closely resembles which one of the following?

Nutritionist:Recent studies show that the height of the average American has increased 2 inches in the past 10 years, lending support to the view that modern foods stimulate growth.

The argument would be strengthened by pointing out that

Nutritionist:Recent studies show that the height of the average American has increased 2 inches in the past 10 years, lending support to the view that modern foods stimulate growth.

This argument would be weakened most by pointing out that

Landlord:When are you going to pay last month's rent?
Renter:First, I've already paid it. Secondly, I don't owe you anything. Third, not until you fix the heater.

The weakness in the renter's response is best expressed by which one of the following?

All teachers like some of their students. No teacher likes all of his or her students.

If the statements are true, then all of the following must be true EXCEPT

You do not succeed unless you take a gamble. Gambling is foolish. Therefore, only fools succeed.

Which one of the following would weaken the conclusion the most?

The politicians cannot be telling the truth about a reduction in taxes. This year my taxes must have been higher than ever, because I was able to save less money than last year or the year before.

All of the following point to an error in reasoning in this passage EXCEPT

Mr. Miko is very good at the sport of Judo. Therefore, Mr. Miko is a good sport.

The author of the argument above relies upon which one of the following to arrive at a conclusion?

The rural community of Pottsville has a low crime rate. Urban Los Angeles has a high crime rate. Shady Junction, a small agricultural community, has a high rate of criminal activity. The city of Washington, D.C. has a low rate of criminal activity.

Which one of the following most clearly expresses the main point in the passage above?

If Jack were a first baseman for the New York Mets, he would be rich. He is not a first baseman, since he is not rich.

The conclusion above is unsound because the author does not consider the possibility that Jack could be

All Italian greyhounds are graceful and fast, but some are nervous. Graceful and fast greyhounds are slender, but nervous greyhounds are unpredictable.

If the statements are true, all of the following must be true EXCEPT

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